The meliponiculture, as the production of this honey is called, began more than three thousand years ago. Honey was used extensively by Mayan healers to treat eye, hearing, respiratory, digestive, and postpartum conditions, and is still found in many Yucatan communities today. Because this native species of Melipona bees (Melipona Beechelii) absorbs more of the nutritional properties of plants than other bees, their honey contains more fructose than glucose, resulting in some unique flavor and texture properties.
Melipona honey is more watery than average honey and less prone to crystallization. According to the Fundación Haciendas del Mundo Maya, it is traditionally used more for medicinal purposes than to flavor food. In fact, scientific studies have shown that honey from stingless bees (called Xunan-Kab in Mayan) has more antioxidant and inflammation-reducing properties than honey produced by stinging bees. Below you can see the fog forests of Puebla, one of the habitats of Melipona.